Otolaryngology (pronounced oh/toe/lair/in/goll/oh/jee) will be the oldest medical specialty in the usa. Otolaryngologists are physicians trained in the medical and surgical management and treatments for patients with diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and related structures in the head and neck. They can be typically called ENT physicians.
Otolaryngologists diagnose and manage diseases in the ears, nose, sinuses, larynx (voice box), mouth, and throat, along with structures of your neck and face.
Hearing problems affects one in ten North Americans. The unique domain of otolaryngologists is the treating of ear disorders. These are trained in the medical and surgical procedures of hearing difficulties, ear infections, balance disorders, ear noise (tinnitus), plus some cranial nerve disorders. Otolaryngologists also manage congenital (birth) disorders of the outer and inner ear.
About 35 million people develop chronic sinusitis every year, which makes it probably the most common health complaints in America. Proper care of the nasal cavity and sinuses is one of the primary skills of otolaryngologist los angeles. Problems within the nasal area include allergies, smell disorders, polyps, and nasal obstruction caused by a deviated septum.
Communicating (speech and singing) and eating a meal all involve this vital area. Specific to otolaryngologists is knowledge of managing diseases in the throat, larynx (voice box), along with the upper aero-digestive system or esophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders.
Your head and neck?
This section of the body includes the key functions of sight, smell, hearing, and the appearance of the face area. In the head and neck area, otolaryngologists are trained to treat infections, benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) tumors, facial trauma, and deformities from the face. They perform both cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery.
Otolaryngologists are ready to start practicing after completing as much as 20 years of college and post-graduate training. To be eligible for a certification with the American Board of Otolaryngology, an applicant must first complete college (four years), medical school (four years), and also at least 5yrs of specialty training. Next, the physician must pass the American Board of Otolaryngology examination. Moreover, some otolaryngologists pursue a one- or two- year fellowship to get more extensive lessons in one among eight subspecialty areas.
These subspecialty areas are allergy, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, head and neck, laryngology (throat), otology/neurotology (ears, balance, and tinnitus), pediatric otolaryngology (children), rhinology (nose), and sleep disorders. Some otolaryngologists limit their practices to one of these eight areas.
Do you know the seven aspects of expertise in the field of otolaryngology?
Allergy: treatment by medication, immunotherapy (allergy shots) and/or avoidance of pollen, dust, mold, food, along with other sensitivities that affect the ear, nose, and throat.
Treating: hay fever, seasonal and perennial rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, laryngitis, a sore throat, otitis media, dizziness
Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: cosmetic, functional, and reconstructive surgical treatment of abnormalities of your face and neck and ear.
Treating: deviated septum, rhinoplasty (nose), facelift, cleft palate, drooping eyelids, hair thinning as well as other ear deformities.
Head and Neck: cancerous and noncancerous tumors from the head and neck (nose/sinuses, mouth, throat, voice box and upper esophagus), like the thyroid and parathyroid.
Treating: lump within the neck or thyroid, cancer of the voice box.
Laryngology: disorders from the throat, including voice and swallowing problems.
Treating: sore throat, hoarseness, swallowing disorder, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), infections and tumors.
Otology/Neurotology: diseases of the ear, including trauma (injury), infection, benign tumors, and nerve pathway disorders, which affect hearing and balance.
Treating: ear infection; swimmer?s ear; loss of hearing; ear, face, or neck pain; dizziness, ringing inside the ears (tinnitus).
Pediatric Otolaryngology: diseases in youngsters with special ENT problems including birth defects in the head and neck and developmental delays.
Treating: ear infection (otitis media), tonsil and adenoid infection, airway problems, asthma and allergy/sinus disease, neck tumors.
Rhinology: disorders of your nose and sinuses.
Treating: sinus disorder, nose bleed, stuffy nose, loss in smell, polyps, tumors.
These specialists change from many physicians in they are trained both in medicine and surgery. Otolaryngologists do not require to refer patients for some other physicians when ear, nose, throat, or head/neck surgical procedures are needed and, therefore, can provide the most appropriate maintain each individual patient. Otolaryngologists are the most appropriate physicians to deal with disorders from the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of your head and neck.